Sapphire: Corundum. Blue, green, pink, purple, clear. Related to Ruby. Blue: Communication, insight, intuition, clairaudience, inspiration, spiritual prayer/devotion, peacefulness. Pituitary and Thyroid. Detoxing skin, body. Antidepressant. Cools, contracts, soothes, thus reducing inflammation, fevers, nosebleeds. Hearing problems, TB, burns, etc. Nervous system (& Epilepsy) and meridians. Strongest if next to skin. Especially Throat Chakra. Also: wisdom, will, centering, cheerfulness, luck. Reduces radiation effects, anxiety, procrastination. Some effects subtle. Black: more grounding. Protection. May strengthen by posing challenges to overcome. Found in the US, Australia, and India. Lessens tension and aligns the mental, physical, and spiritual planes. Can be an important stone for people with spiritual confusion or depression, those involved in situatations out of their control, and anyone with concentration problems. Black Sapphires are the most protective of all Sapphire colors.
Star Sapphire: Similar to the Blue Sapphire, differs in that it has an aqueous inclusion in its makeup that creates a refracted five-pointed star on the stone's surface. This star is a focus point in the gem. Recommended for people who wish to awaken or heighten their psychic abilities. Works as a relaxing agent during times of extreme physical exertion. Healers of the spirit and and body are often drawn to this stone.  
Sard: A porous brick-red stone. Found in the US and India. Not generally considered to be a strong healer, though it does possess limited properties similar to Carnelians. Suggested for open wounds and conditions of the blood. Can be beneficial to the cleansing organs and in strengthening to the mind.
 
Sardonyx: A layered combination of Sard and Onyx. Can include shades of red, brown, black or white. Found in Brazil and India. Best known for its effect upon the bones and lungs. Recommends its use for depression and in matters of love. Take care to consider the color combination of the stone. Red stimulates, brown is grounding, black is absorbing, and white is purifying. The colors do not cancel each other out. They do, however, buffer each other and maintain a median balance that allows you to affect change. Recommended for explorers, those engaged in combat, and executives.
 
Selenite: A Gypsum. White/clear striated crystals. Has been used to work against cancer and is known to stabalize epileptic disorders. Mental focus, growth, luck, immunity, kundalini. Centuries-old recordkeepers of events/information. Smoothes emotions. Holding crystal,visualize it bringing white light/energy (higher ideas/consciousness) from transpersonal point above head down through body, out through feet into earth/physical plane. Place on 3rd eye for stored info. May help physical and emotional letting go. Repro; spine and nerve system, emotional and athletic flexibility. Sends healing to the earth. Expands sensitivity, field of awareness.
 
Desert Rose: (Selenite) has rose-like flower buds. Known to help new moms increase breast milk.This beautiful form of selenite forms clusters like rose buds. Very healing and powerful "tool". Works on all the Chakra, especially the Heart Chakra and brings a sense of calmness and tranquility the longer it is with you.
 
Serpentine: Properties: This stone is an excellent stone for meditation. It can be used to clear clouded areas of all the Chakra and especially to assist in opening the Heart Chakra. It is also believed to help activate the kundalini, or 'serpent fire' energies. By placing this stone on the Crown Chakra, it initiates the movement of kundilini energy up the spine. Relaxes one's overall nature.
Folk Remedies: Serpentine emits a profound healing vibration and facilitates the energetic activation of cellular regeneration. Renders assistance to disorders in all areas of the body, the emotional system, and mental structure. Works on the heart and lungs by helping to withdraw toxins and activates the absorption of nutrients and oxygen. It is used in the treatment of diabetes and hypoglycemia, eliminates parasites and used to increase the absorption of magnesium and calcium.
Feng Shui: Used in the North area for personal journeys and in the Center area to increase spirituality and find balance.
History: This stone is light to dark green to whitish green in color and displays what appears to look of skin from a snake, due to its inclusions and variations in color. Worn as an amulet to protect those from snakebite during ancient times, this stone is especially used as a decorative object and is used a sculptor stone in Zimbabwe.
 
Shiva Lingham: Shiva Lingams originate at the Narmada River in the central western part of India, which is one of India's seven holy sites. Accessible only during the dry season, these stones are collected from the river bed. Lord Shiva is the supreme being revered by Hindus, and this fertility stone is often worshipped as his embodiment. Lingam describes the egg-like shape that is hand-polished to balanced proportions. Lingam is the sacred Sanskrit word for phallus. In Tantra, the shape embodies the masculine energy; dynamic expression and knowledge. The markings or Yoni depicts female energy; wisdom and intuition. The Tantric Shiva Lingam unifies the dualistic female/male world into harmonious balance. This Sacred Stone relates to the Heart Chakra and represents the harmony and balance of the soul that is maintained within the hearts of all of us. It is a powerful second Chakra healer and was used traditionally for births and conception assistance. It is also helpful for those who have second Chakra related illness due to uncommon rearing and lack of nurturing as infant/child.
 
Silica: "Gem Silica" The highest, purest form of gem quality Chrysocolla. One of the highest evolved blue-green stones. (Also see: Chrysocolla.)

 
Silver: Excellent for mental, emotional, and physical releasing and cleansing. Works on mind/emotions to see overview, emotional balance, patience. Like the moon's energy, it has gentle, cool, smoothing effect. Thus it reduces inflammation, fever, nervous system stress. Best with the gentler, cooler-colored gems. Works with pituitary and upper energy centers. Generally Yin. Wear the metal that you feel attracted to. Works best as a communicator. Should be worn only when it feels right. Benefits the circulation and detoxifies the blood. Helps the body recognize imbalances or high levels of hormone and chemicals more readily, enabling them to be naturally corrected. Helps the lungs and throat and reduces irritation by pollutants and other impurities in the air. Improves the transmission of nerve impulses. Aids those with degenerative brain disease, poor memory, irrational fears, and emotional imbalance. Also aids in verbal and representational communication. Helps balance the functions of both sides of the brain. Can be worn as a belt buckle to improve fertility. Can help resolve sexual problems that result from dysfunction or impotence. Mental activity is clarified. An increase in your ability to approach intellectual problems. Also known to lessen anxiety over problem-solving. Suggested use in conjunction with Agate, Jet, Moonstone, and Turquoise. Silver Settings: Silver is ruled by the Moon a feminine planet, and therefore imparts a softened less assertive emotional energy to crystals & minerals that are mounted in it.
 
Smithsonite: Light blue, pink, or lavender fuzzy bubbles. Harmonizes and aligns Heart, Throat, and Brow Chakra for smoother communications, leadership, perceptiveness and depth in relationships, and expansion into new areas. Meditation clarity, and receptiveness. Insight via dreams, dream recall. Versatile; Historically works well in many areas, especially Throat Chakra, nose, lymph, immunity; tissue elasticity. Chakra corresponds with stone color. Suggested for security and a balanced life. Also helps you deal with difficult relationships.
 
Smoky Quartz: Helps to overcome Depression, Nightmares, Stress. Smoky, rootbeer, or chocolate-colored clear crystals. The clearest, most intense ones powerfully open the Crown Chakra emanating light down the Root Chakra, inducing Alpha/deep meditation for channeling/higher guidance, deep relaxation, lovingness. Ancient use also to stimulate meridians, kundalini, and correct fertility/PMS/reproductive imbalance. Stores info well. Alleviates fear, anxiety, depression, emotional Dense, dull, solid/semisolid black/brown, less attractive. Very grounding, when placed opposite other smokies. May feel dense, heavy, nonconductive Many were irradiated to turn them this flat, dark color with white edge of base. If so, they're not useful for conducting light/healing, thus less useful for wearing or healing. This medium-to-dark brown crystal found in the US, Brazil, and Scotland. A word of warning is in order regarding choosing Smoky Quartz crystals. Its dark color is caused by impurities, usually carbon, iron, or titanium. But the color of some Smoky Quartz is caused by the effects of minute amounts of decaying radium, within the crystal itself. Because of the presence of this natural low-grade radiation, Smoky Quartz is good for people with radiation-related illness or those in chemotherapy. It is best to avoid the heavily irradiated crystals. Most gemstone and crystal stores do not sell them, and most gem experts advise against using them in layouts. Natural Smoky Quartz crystals, like other brown stones, are closely in tune with the anchoring energy of the earth. Often sued for ailments of the lower torso. The reproductive organs, muscle tissue, heart, and nervous system all profit. Heightens your understanding of nature and concern for the environment.
 
Sodalite: Properties: This stone is most recognized for healing, meditation and wisdom. This a good stone for general communication for self and writing. It is used for expressing logic and ideas due to its connection with the Throat Chakra. It is also used at the Brow Chakra due to the fact that it can access fine levels of intuitive information and promote the understanding of these concepts. It is also known to enhance community relationships. Considered a stone that is still evolving, sodalite can strongly affect changes in your attitude about yourself. It helps you be more objective and less critical about ways of dealing with existence. It is a stone associated with studying.
Folk Remedies: Known for balancing body energy levels via thyroid, pituitary, lymph, and other glands. Helps insomnia, as well as neck, mouth, hearing, and blood sugar issues. This stone is cooling and is used for drawing out infections, cooling burns, sinus inflammation and high blood pressure. Suggested for balancing the metabolism. Beneficial for the cleansing organs and can boost the immune system. Effective in combating the effects of natural and artificial radiation and is recommended for those who work around X-ray equipment or are involved with radioactive material. This stone's Latin name, sodanum is said to mean "a cure for headaches". Too much of this stone can be exacerbating to anyone who is already in a long termed depressed state.
Feng Shui: Used in the East area for community, in the Southwest for relationships, Northeast for wisdom, North for career and South for success.
History: Sodalite (Na4Al3Si3O12Cl) is found in North America, as well as in Brazil and France. The mineral structure of Sodaite often makes it confused with Lapis Lazuli. Sodalite is named for its high sodium content and often has veins of white.
 
Spectrolite: See: Labradorite
Spinel: Red, Blue, Green. Calms alleviates stress, depression. mental rejuvenation. Most commonly used to aid in detox (together with fasting, enemas, and alcohol/chemical detox of blood and organs, including skin). Red: Also for strength, kundalini. Many of the larger ''rubies" in the world are actually spinel. Found in the US, USSR, Sri Lanka, Italy, and Germany. Encourages moderation of all excesses and aids in the detoxification of both the blood and the mind. Helps lessen anxieties. Benefits the skin. Said to be an aid in fasting.
 
Star Ruby: Known as the "star of purity", "star fire" or "ruby crystal" is said to promote dreaming and tends to stimulate connection between the self and your spirit guides. Used as a rod-like conductor, it provides the pathway from the user to the electrical and magnetic forces. It assists in purifying, and correcting disoriented energy which leads to atrophy. It helps to align the auric and physical bodies as one. It is an excellent stone for releasing blocks which keep you from a spiritual path. Star Ruby is a stone of great energy, development and protection. It releases negative energy and serves as a tool of empowerment. It helps in the focus of healing energies and chosen pathways.
 
Staurolite: "Fairy Cross" Brown/grey, crosslike extrusions. Represents four elements and joining of spirit with earth/matter. Spirituality, compassion, allowingness, dis-attachment; Focus centered on the Here and Now. This beautiful and rare stone crystalizes in the form of flat and short prismatic crystals with cruciform crossing. This mineral is a talisman of good luck! Historically, this stone is said to be formed from the tears of fairies when they were brought the news of the death of Christ. This stone is said to provide a connection between the physical, astral and extra-terrestrial planes. It can provide an overpowering "release" in stressful situations and provides support, initiation and incentive in dealing with detrimental habits.
 
Stichtite: Stichtite is usually found as a deposit on another mineral, for instance, serpentine. It is rarely found in veins from which half inch or inch thick pieces of the pure mineral can be taken. Stichtite is formed when continental plates collide. It brings one higher awareness of one’s emotions. In the home, it creates a tranquil environment, and can be useful in adapting children’s behavior so that it is more acceptable. It also encourages one to be true to one’s word, to keep an open mind, and to treat all ( including oneself ) with gentleness. Stichtite eases the passage of Kundalini energy through the Heart chakra.
 
Stilbite: Pale pink/gray/white. Pink is especially helpful with loving, creative energy, accepting, allowing, letting go, manifesting May vivify/heighten physical senses, esp. taste. Detoxifies. Gentle self-expression.
 
Sugilite: "Lavulite/Royal Azele" Properties: This stone enhances psychic abilities. Gets you in touch with your Spiritual Guides. Protects, absorbs and dissolves anger, hurt, unwanted energies. Sugilite brings spirit/light into the physical body and heart for healing, especially when placed on the Brow Chakra. This stone helps to alleviate depression/despair, stress. This stone brings peace of mind, well being, spiritual love and is considered androgynous. It is one of the purple stones, which help to balance right and left brain function. Used to help anyone "integrate" into the world or new surroundings.
Folk Remedies: This crystal is an important healer's stone used to gently draw out pain (headaches too), inflammation, stress, dis-ease, toxins, emotional blocks. Balances adrenal, pineal, pituitary, and Lt/Rt brain.
Feng Shui: Sugilite is used in the Center direction for balance and any area where there needs to be a shift or transition.
History: Sugilite (KNa2 [Fe2Mn2Al] 2 Li3Si12O30) is also called "Lavulite/Royal Azele" It can be solid, violet pink to purple. Found only in the first half of the 20th century, first in Japan then in South Africa, this stone has been commonly used in the making of jewelry.
 
Sulphur: Protection, Willpower, Healing Energy. Solid/clear yellow. Rejuvenating, especially if one does a great deal of thinking/mental wk and little physical exercise. Mental clarity, focus, analysis, understanding, willpower, discipline, confidence. Used in Egypt and modern hot springs/baths for arthritis, pain, rheumatism, swelling, lymph, cysts, hemorrhoids. Traditionally very healing for wounds, cleansing and healing skin, sinus, pancreas, liver, syphilis, appendix, indigestion, insomnia, depression; Strengthens endocrine glands. Found in garlic, mustard, chives, onions, horseradish, etc. Repels garden bugs.
 

Sunstone: Honors the God, energizes and empowers one's self. Aventurine feldspar with gold-orange metallic sheen. Warms the heart and lifts/rejuvenates the spirit. Protection, life force, grounding.